Thyroid Health Diet – Know What to Eat and What Not To Eat

All That You Need To Know About Thyroid Foods

Thyroid diet

A person suffering from thyroid has certain doubts as to what to eat and what not! Doctors suggest them not to eat cabbage, etc. But why? Can thyroid patients eat cabbage and cauliflower? What could be the reason behind this?


To know the exact reason, dive into this article one must know things about Thyroid patient diet chart. Whether you’re suffering with hypothyroidism (under-active thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid), Hashimoto’s disease or Graves’ disease, or other conditions, there are certain mandatory things that one needs to know about foods and drinks, and their interaction with health and thyroid medications.

Thyroid Diet

To speed up or speed down the thyroid hormones, you must avoid some foods and eat some! So, let’s first talk about the possible thyroid foods to avoid as avoiding food is more important than eating food for thyroid.

What Foods To Be Avoided By Thyroid Patients ?

Avoid Goitrogenic Foods

Goitrogenic food contains goitrogens; that can enlarge the thyroid gland. It also acts as an anti-thyroid drug and delays the secretion of thyroid hormone leading to hypothyroidism.

Goitrogens present in foods inhibits the iodine formation, so, it inhibits the actual secretion of thyroid hormone and disrupts the peripheral conversion of T4 to T3. Can thyroid patients eat cabbage and cauliflower?Main goitrogenic foods are cruciferous vegetables like broccoli, cauliflower, millets, kale, and cabbage, among others, as well as soy foods.

This is the reason, why doctors say to avoid cabbage and cauliflower, when you are suffering from thyroid. These come under the thyroid foods not to eat.

If you are suffering from hyperthyroidism, you must avoid these foods if its hypothyroid, no need of avoiding entirely. You can destroy the goitrogens present in them by partial heating.

Avoid Calcium- Fortified Orange Juice And Iron Rich Spinach

These foods interfere with the absorption of iodine, so, at least wait for 3-4 hours after taking thyroid medication or before taking calcium- fortified orange juice and iron rich spinach.

Avoid Coffee After Medication

Oh, this might be a bit painful! Caffeine present in the coffee shows dual effect like stimulating and goitrogenic, so, it creates a problem to both hypo and hyperthyroidism patients.

In Hypo patients, it interferes with iodine uptake and inhibits the formation of thyroid hormones while, in hyper, it acts as a stimulant. So, coffee is a strict no under foods to eat for hypothyroidism.

Avoid Gluten Grain

If you’re suffering from any Auto-immune diseases, avoid gluten containing foods because some research indicates avoiding gluten foods for 3-6 months can eliminate antibodies.

So, remove wheat, barley and other gluten containing grains from your diet.

Thyroid Friendly Foods

Having discussed the avoidable foods, now let’s discuss about the thyroid friendly foods, diet for thyroid patients:

Coconut Oil

Coconut oil is a thyroid friendly food that speeds up a slow thyroid hormone in hypo patients.

Replace fats and oils with coconut oil. It supports thyroid health and helps lose weight in hypothyroidism. So, it can be considered safely in the category of thyroid health diet.

Sea Weeds

Seaweeds are naturally rich in iodine. Inadequate iodine leads to the inability of the body to produce thyroid hormone. But, remember, moderation is the key!

Eat High Fiber Foods

Thyroid patients suffer from constipation and excess weight, so increase the fiber intake like Greens, Lima beans, Mushrooms, Potato with skin, Pumpkin, Peas, Peppers, Spinach, and Sweet Potatoes. Thyroid foods should be thyroid healthy foods, not anything that suits you.

Excess amount of iodine also is harmful, especially if you have auto-immune thyroid disease or a family history of it.

Lastly, if you’re suffering from thyroid, don’t get depressed! It can be cured, eat all colorful veggies and gluten free crabs on a weekly basis.

Once in a month, consult your doc and monitor your thyroid hormone levels regularly.

Daily, eat a balanced diet and burn your calories!!!

If you found the above thyroid patient diet chart useful, then start following it and do share it with the ones who are suffering from the Thyroid problem.

Calcium+Vitamin D3

32 thoughts on “All That You Need To Know About Thyroid Foods

  1. Marcia Bryce says:

    I’m thankful for the information you shared and the encouraging words at the end .just a month of thyroid problems I’m tired already.

  2. mahesh B says:

    Dear Sir, I recently did my Thyroid test . level has shown is 100 so please suggest me what medicine i need to take and what food i need to eat.

    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Hello Carmen, The best diagnosis method is a simple blood test name – T3, T4 and TSH which will help you diagnose whether you are having hypothyroid or Hyperthyroid. and yes apart from these there are other symptoms as well.Like for hyperthyroid – Weight loss, Weakness & Tiredness, Loss of hair etc

  3. navjot says:

    hi. A M 28 YRS OLD and suffering from thyroid after prewgnancy my face and neck having alot of fat . please suggest me the diet what i have to eat or not

    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Hi Navjyot, Please share your below details at the email id – so that I can share you customized diet plan

      Full Name:





      Veg. / Non Veg. Diet:

      Medical Problems (If Any):

      Purpose of the Diet Chart:

    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Hello Reena
      Thank you so much for liking the article.Rice,Maize,Buckwheat,Sago,Quinoa,Ragi etc are some of the easily available gluten free cereals

  4. Vivek Harkhani says:

    i really like your artical and that positive approach which i found only in this artical that….”Thyroid is curable and we must not depressed “

  5. Manisha Saha says:

    I am Manisha. I suffering from hypo thyroid about 5 I am just 23 years.and my weight about 90kg.In last 4 yr I gain a total weight about to 30 kgs.plz reply me to overcome it

  6. kanishka raina says:

    hiii !!!
    i am urmella i am also a thyroid patient i want to know sir that is these following things good for me or not:

    1) lotus seed
    2) basen
    3) red meat
    4) milk
    6)roti and rice
    7) potatoes

    sir i request u to plz reply me back


    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Hi urmella
      yes .
      Include Foods Rich in Zinc
      Zinc is a trace mineral, which is required for the synthesis of thyroid hormones. Foods rich in zinc include:Beef and lamb,Turkey,Shrimps,Lentils and beans,Pumpkin seeds,Sesame seeds,Mushrooms.
      Calcium & Vitamin D:
      However, too much calcium is said to be goitrogen. Therefore, one should be careful about their calcium intake. Rich sources of calcium include:Milk,Yogurt,Cheese (PANEER),Nuts and oilseeds,Dark green leafy vegetables,Foods fortified with calcium.
      Foods rich in vitamin D include:EggsCow’s milkSalmonTunaSardines.

  7. Umme says:

    Hello, I recently checked my TSH .My TSH level has shown 4.35 it seems in borderline but that doctor said me that i have to take THYRONORM tablets for lifetime. I’m totally confused what to do I’m just 21 how can i take medicines for lifetime.

    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Hi Umme as per the current situation TSH is high that does not mean that everytime it will be the same, do not stress yourself take the medicine as per now and wait for 6 months-1 year

  8. shrinkala says:

    i m a thyroid paitent… m i able to concive pregancy.. plz let me hw over cum dis thyriod prblm.. nd wheather its curable or its a life long prblm..! nd hw to reduce weight..! plz send me diet chart nd solution in hindi nd emglish plz reply me soon

    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Hi Shrinkala I feel with thyroid conceiving a baby should not be a problem.I will surely provide you diet chart if you mail me below details and also mention type of thyroid

      Full Name:  
      Veg. / Non Veg. Diet:  
      Medical Problems (If Any):  
      Purpose for Diet chart  :

      Sent email to

  9. MRINAL says:

    My 28yrs old wife missed her periods this month. Cipla’s i-can test resulted +ive twice. She has some symptoms of throid too.
    Our physician prescribed for a Ultrasound & Throid test.
    Ultrasound cudnt detect much but Throid Test found that she is suffering from Hypotheoid with 18TSH.
    How to cure her &nurae her at home?
    Please suggest.

    • Mukta Agrawal says:

      Dear Mrinal I am not sure whether you taking she is pregnant or simply suffering from Hypothyroid , if she is hving thyroid you can follow the list of foods mention here and also if you need a diet chart from me you can mail me the below details @

      Full Name:  
      Veg. / Non Veg. Diet:  
      Medical Problems (If Any):  
      Purpose for Diet chart  :

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