What does gynecological problem mean? Any problem in the reproductive system of the female, like a vagina, ovaries or the uterus falls under the category of gynecological problem. So, basically, it is the problem in the health of the woman.
There can be many types of them, some related to the menstrual cycle and the rest related to pregnancy maybe. There can be cancer or urinal or vaginal pain. There can urinary incontinence or no menstrual periods or too much pain during that time. We will see what the other gynecological problems are, and we will discuss the signs and symptoms.
If it bleeds between the two consecutive menstrual cycles, you must consult a gynecologist. Also, if you are having abnormal bleeding in the vagina after or while you are having intercourse.
You may feel a burning sensation while you are urinating and you want to urinate frequently. If you feel there is any sort of itching or burning sensation in the vaginal area, then it may swell and appear reddish, and there can be soreness. It is then you need a doctor.
You may have cramps during your periods, but then if you have any extra pain in your pelvic region, you can consult a gynecologist.
Unpleasant vaginal odor
If you feel there is any unpleasant or bad odor in the vaginal discharge, you may have some gynecological problem.
Too much vaginal discharge
If there is an increase in the vaginal discharge, too, you may suffer from any problem.
Uneasiness in intercourse
While having intercourse, if you feel any pain, or you are not comfortable due to some physical reasons, you are having a gynecological problem.
We will discuss some of the major problems related to women here.
There are a few types of menstrual disorder, and we will discuss all of them in details.
It is pain during the menstrual period. Post-pubescent women are mostly affected by this. Studies reveal that 50% of such women are affected, and 5% of them are incapacitated for some 1-3 days of every month. Now, even this gynecological disorder can be classified into two:
1) Primary dysmenorrhea:
You are going to have a painful menstrual cycle without finding any signs of the organic lesion. You are going to have it mostly briefly and on the first day of the menstrual cycle. Most of the times you find this dysmenorrhea in the ovulatory menstruation cycles, and it mostly happens in the early stages i.e. within the first five years after the menarche. It does improve as you grow up.
For treatment of this kind of dysmenorrhea, there has to be inhibition of prostaglandin and cycles should be suppressed. There are few more methods like having some hot food or giving some kind of heat. You can also exercise and use mild analgesics. Don’t go for narcotics at all. If you have some extra complaints which can suppress menses go for oral contraceptives or some continuous progesterone-like Norplant. If there is no such complaint, you can have naproxen or suppression of periods.
2) Secondary dysmenorrhea:
One-fifth of the women having dysmenorrhea suffers from this kind.
Abnormal Bleeding in the Uterine
If there is an imbalance in hormones or during pregnancy, there can be such excessive bleeding. Also, any abnormality in the structure and cancer can be the reason of more bleeding in terms of amount or frequency or the duration. Now there are two ways you can define this gynecological disorder. If the person suffering is ovulatory, the reasons can be endometrial polyps or some chronic endometritis. Submucous fibroids can also be the reason why there is such abnormal bleeding. Well, if the person is anovulatory, it can be because of dysfunctional uterine bleeding which is commonly known as DUB or due to menarche. At times, the extrinsic effects of the flow of hormones or the perimenopausal flow of blood which is either hyperplastic or neoplastic can cause this.
Treatments are also separate herein.
1) For anatomic abnormality:
There are surgeries where they have to remove the polyps or the fibroids. For chronic endometritis, there has to be antibiotic taken as prescribed by the doctor. They can also go for removing IUD. Hysterectomy which is ablation of endometrial is usually considered for the patients suffering from this disease.
2) For anovulation abnormality:
Either they go for progestins which are exogenous along with the estrogens or both individually. In girls that are going to have menarche soon and in a woman who are going to have menopause, if there is bleeding, consider for equine estrogens which are conjugated.
Also referred to as PMS, which usually a woman experiences while the luteal phase is going on and it gets accompanied by the ovulatory cycles. It can bring mood disorders and changes size of thyroid etc.
Incontinence in urine
Lose of urine here can take place even while laughing or coughing. To treat them, one must exercise especially pelvic floor ones. There are also some devices to stabilize especially pelvic floor ones. There are also devices that help in stabilizing the bladder of the neck.
Here the chance of malignant is less and don’t hold too much of mass,
There can be cancers in breasts or any other part of ovary and vagina. So go for surgery by consulting a doctor and start life anew after you are fit again!