Bitter Melon, commonly known as Karela, is a tropical vine of the Cucurbitaceae family and is the most bitter of all fruits. Karela capsules contain at least three active substances, that helps in blood glucose-lowering, and an insulin-like compound commonly known as polypeptide-p. Bitter melon retains lectin that decreases blood glucose concentrations by acting on peripheral tissues and suppressing appetite – similar to effects of insulin in the brain. This lectin is thought to be a major factor behind the hypoglycemic effect that develops after eating bitter melon.
Gymnemic acids are similar to the glucose and behave in intestine in a similar way. When gymnemic acids lock into intestinal receptors, they promptly lockout glucose. This effectively helps prevent sugar from being absorbed. This effect has a twofold benefit in which it helps balance the level of blood sugar, and assists lean body mass by supporting lesser amount of the sugar that gets stored as fat.
Bitter gourd helps to decrease the level of glucose released into the bloodstream through the breakdown of carbohydrates and sugar. Gymnemic acids present in leaves of Gymnema Sylvestre aid blood sugar level management by slowing down the absorption of glucose from intestines to the bloodstream.
Gymnema Sylvestre extract supports health of pancreas that produce insulin. Gymnemic acids function as sweetness inhibitors that help to decrease taste of sugar in the mouth, thus, managing sugar cravings and sugar addictions.
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