Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder (DSM) published by the American Psychiatrist Association says that Alcohol abuse is a mental disorder where the individual though knows the ill effects of alcohol consumption
cannot resist oneself from drinking on a regular basis.
Substance abuse or drug abuse at the other hands means addiction towards certain drugs. In case of substance abuse the individual consumes certain drugs which are not prescribed to consume in the manner they are done by the addicted.
The Effects Of Alcohol Consumption
Individuals are consuming alcohol initially feels very relaxed and confident as alcohol act on the nervous system as a depressant. Slowly the individual’s starts talking too much gradually lose his balance, the capability of judgment and normal walking capability.
In the long run, the toxic ingredients of alcohol will affect the liver, heart and may lead to cancer. Alcohol consumption for a long time also affects an individual’s psychology and his or her social behavior.
The Effects Of Substance Or Drug Consumption
Substance abuse is a multifaceted disorder resulted due to the consumption compulsive drugs for a long time. Different drugs have different kind of effects, but one thing which all of these addictive substances share in common is that they affect the nervous system and the brain.
Consumption of addictive drugs leads to the increased secretion of dopamine in the brain which makes an individual feel relaxed. Initial consumption leads to a pleasure feeling which the brain remembers and wants it repetitively.
Slowly consumption of these drugs becomes similar to that of one’s eating and sleeping habits, and the brain will ask for the supply of those drugs, the way the brain looks for food and sleep.
Both Alcohol and substances or drugs are a very strong chemical substance that affects an individual’s personality in an adverse way. Prolonged consumption of both the things is dangerous.
Drugs Leading To Substance Abuse
Drugs like opiates and narcotics are powerful painkillers that cause drowsiness and sometimes cause the feelings of excitement example of opiates and narcotics are Heroin, Codeine, Opium, Hydromorphone, Meperidine, and Oxycodone. Amphetamines, Cocaine, Dextroamphetamine, Methamphetamine, and Methylphenidate, are Central nervous system (CNS) stimulants.
These drugs have an invigorating effect, and people can start needing high amounts of these drugs to feel the same effect. Alcohol, Barbiturates, Benzodiazepines Chloral Hydrate and Paraldehyde are Central nervous system depressants.
These substances produce a soothing and anxiety-reducing effect, which can lead to addiction. LSD, Mescaline, Psilocybin, and Phencyclidine are Hallucinogens.
They can cause people to see possessions that aren’t there i.e. they cause hallucinations and can lead to psychological reliance. Tetra-Hydrocannabinol is the active ingredient found in marijuana which produces the sedative effect.
The Executable Outcome Of Alcohol And Substance Abuse
There are individuals who don’t consume any of the above-mentioned things. There are some who had taken decisions of not consuming too much, and there are individuals who are impulsive persons who try these products just to have a taste of it.
But there are individuals who are habitual users, and slowly they become dependent on these substances. Regular consumption may lead to many changes in the social, psychological and physical behavior of individuals.
Drinking and consumption of drugs may lead to the financial crisis because certain kinds of alcohol and drugs are quite expensive. Driving while drunkenness leads to violation of traffic rules and cause financial hazards and invite legal problem.
People may start avoiding you because of one’s addictions. The addicted individual tries to avoid social gatherings and slowly becomes unsocial. Too much consumption of alcohol or drugs also affects individual’s sex life.
Alcohol or drugs provided the individual with a certain sense of pleasure and happiness. The addicts feel temporarily too confident.
But once the effect fades the individual returns to his or her normal sense and the sorrow and anxiety comes back and sometimes individuals cannot accept that and wants to go back to that pleasure condition.
Drinking and drug consumptions, in the long run, affect an individual’s normal process of thinking abilities, talking abilities and over a period there are physical consequences like they may suffer from indigestion, heart or liver problem and finally it may lead to cancer.
Sometimes overdose of drugs is fatal, and life is taking.
How To Get Out Of Addiction?
It becomes really difficult for individuals to come out of addictions but with proper guidance any individuals can come out of such situations. There are many therapies and rehabilitation centers helping individuals to come to their normal life.
Any individual who has realized that addiction is actually killing him or her and has decided to come out of it should first list what are positives and negatives of consumption of alcohol or drugs.
The person should check his/her consumption pattern and should find out when and what triggers him to consume alcohol or drugs. By keeping a check on one’s behavior and with the help of counselor’s one can really get out of such addictions and lead an absolutely normal life.