14% of India’s urban population suffers from Anal Fissures that sounds terrifying, isn’t it?
You may undergo sudden pain in anus, principally if you experience it for the first time.
Many people report it as a sharp pain that goes along with a burning sensation, making it even hard for you to sit as usual.
What Is Anal Fissures?
The anal fissure is the phrase utilized to imply an open sore or tear on the skin surrounding the anus.
It will cause sharp pain with burning during the bowel movements. Also, it can be called a rectal fissure.
In more critical details, an anal fissure is called as a small tear or cut occurring around the anus.
The crack can cause severe pain and red bleeding during or after the bowel movements.
During the times, anal fissures are thick enough to get the muscle tissue revealed underneath.
The existence of this problem might be due to straining of bowel movements, childbirth or even prolonged bouts of diarrhoea or constipation.
A recent famous study has stated that IBD (inflammatory bowel disease), cancer or infection are one of the leading causes of this anal fissures.
An anal fissure can affect individuals of any age, and it is one of the common issues in young children and infants.
In fact, anal fissures are may not be severe, and the tear can heal on its own from four up to six weeks in some cases.
What Are The Causes Of An Anal Fissure?
An anal fissure can occur due to trauma or injury to the anal canal from any of the below cases:
● Passage of a large, dry, hard stool
● Chronic constipation which is strenuous during the bowel movement
● Chronic, prolonged, or reappearing diarrhoea
● Childbirth which can cause trauma or also even bowel prolapse.
● Anal sexual intercourse
● Insertion of a foreign object inside your anal canal
● Crohn’s disease, inflammatory bowel disease, or inflammation of the anorectal area
● Rectal examination
● Old age. Old age people tend to have slower blood circulation, reducing blood supply to the anorectal area.
● The tension between the two sphincters of the muscular rings of the anus. You can consciously control the outer anal sphincter, but the contraction of the inner sphincter is involuntary. The latter is always under a lot of tension and pressure, causing spasms and reduced blood flow to the anus which can develop into a fissure.
● Rare causes include syphilis, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS or even cancer.
What Are The Signs And Symptoms Of An Anal Fissure?
If you have an anal fissure, you could experience the following:
● A sharp, burning, or stinging pain that worsens when passing stools. The pain can be severe and may last for brief periods of time to several hours.
Severe pain can avoid people from pooping, leading to constipation or even faecal impaction.
The pain should be regularly checked by a doctor to make sure that it is not due to lesions or nodules associated with another condition called endometriosis.
● Itchiness or any irritation of the anus
● A small skin tag or lump around the anal area
● Pain that can also affect urination leading to dysuria, inability to urinate, or frequent urination.
● Bleeding. However, blood due to a fissure is unrelated to the stool itself. You may notice a few little drops of bright red blood on the tissue paper or toilet bowl.
● A foul-smelling release with pus from the anus
What Increases Your Risks?
As mentioned above, generally infants have a higher risk of anal fissure and experts have not come up with the explanation yet.
The old people are another helpless group because the blood circulation in their body is slow as they are ageing which reduces the blood to their rectal area.
During every pregnancy, women are likely to experience an anal fissure as well.
And anal intercourse is a possible catalyst for anal fissure.
What Are The Essential Foods which should be included in an Anal Fissure diet?
Generally, few foods that are high in fibre can aid you to pass stool more smoothly. There are two various kinds of fibre: insoluble and also soluble.
Insoluble fibre is generally present in whole grains like jowar, bajra, ragi etc.
Coverings, as well as skins, peels and also leaves of few plants, are high in fibre.
Insoluble fibre will go through the intestine in a form close to its original which means they take a bypass route and enters the intestine without getting affected by the stomach acids and hence helps in improving digestion.
If you have good digestion passing stools become quite easy.
Insoluble fibre can also be found in many fruits and vegetables, and hence it is said you should try not to peel your fruits and few vegetables as well so that you can get enough fibre.
According to ICMR guidelines, one should have between 25 and 30 grams of fibre each day.
To increase your fibre consumption, you should select for whole grains (as opposed to refined grains), whole vegetables and fruits (as opposed to juice), brown rice (as opposed to white), and legumes (as opposed to meat).
Here Are The Few Amazing Food Sources Of Fiber To Include In Your Regular Diet
- Citrus fruits
- Nuts and seeds
- Beans and peas
- Whole grains (including cereals, oatmeal, and brown rice)
- Raw juice
- Jowar bran
- Ragi Bran
When you are suffering from Anal Fissure, you have to keep your digestive system relaxed, and hence initial diet will be liquid diet.
Start with Raw Juices
When you first start your anal fissure daily diet, you should consume raw juices for five straight days.
Some good choices are pineapple, oranges, and carrots.
You should ideally drink one full glass of raw juice for every two hours.
Either make juice at your home using your mixer or purchase it directly from your local store. Make sure to drink water in addition to the juice.
Include Unrefined Foods
Unrefined foods are also a good diet choice for your anal fissure pain relief. Unrefined foods will be those who are low in sugar.
When you experience an anal fissure, it is essential to have a healthy and large quantity of beans, lentils, and molasses and nuts.
Other unrefined foods include onions, cabbage, tomatoes and also green leafy vegetables. You should also have beets and pumpkins.
As mentioned earlier, whole-grain bread is also one of the best options for its high fibre content and related ability to avoid constipation.
Here Are Few Foods To Avoid With Anal Fissure
Enriched White Flour
To make white flour, the bran and the wheat germ which consists of fibre have been stripped out through refinement.
Taking few products that are made with white flour forms a sticky paste that slows down your elimination process, causing constipation and more friction, burning, and itchiness to your fissure-plagued anal canal.
Prevent taking bread, crackers, bagels, and pasta made with white flour and replace with whole grains.
How to cure fissure permanently?
There is an immense difference between white rice and brown rice.
The husk, bran, and germ have all been removed from white rice, stripping all the fibre and nutrients, thus, making stool dry, hard and difficult to pass.
Switching totally to brown rice can be effective for relieving constipation and is also the best choice for your overall body health.
Processed Foods, Frozen Dinners
When trying to prevent constipation, remain away from processed foods and take more fresh foods that include all the fibre and nutrient content.
As well, frozen dinners are almost always low in fibre and often high in sodium.
Sodium generally soaks up water to dilute the salt, keeping it from pushing waste through the body.
Greasy, fried food takes a long time to digest, resulting in constipation and digestive diseases.
The high-fat content in fried foods can tend to slow down movement through the digestive tract.
Utilize cooking methods, such as steaming or boiling, which add the least amount of fat to your food.
Cookies, pastries, cakes, and doughnuts–snacks we all love, but they are low in fibre, low in fluid and high in fat.
That’s three strikes which are hence against when it comes to constipation.
Decrease your intake of these foods and choose high-fibre snacks or desserts, such as fresh fruit salads and fresh fruit yoghurt.
Excess Red Meat
Several servings of red meat per week can lead to constipation mainly for two reasons.
Too much iron in your diet can make the stools hard, and red meat doesn’t contain any fibre.
When you eat red meat often during the week, you tend to avoid other foods that are rich in fibre. Replace red meat with a bowl of lentils.
They are nutritious, rich in protein, and contain an excellent source of both soluble and insoluble fibre, which encourages regular bowel movements.
With bananas, it is all a matter of timing. Ripe bananas can help relieve constipation.
On the other hand, unripe or under-ripe green bananas still contain a lot of starch, which can be hard for the body to digest, causing constipation.
Hot, spicy foods and also pickled foods can supply excess burning and irritation to the anal canal as they pass through the bowels.
Prevent these foods when you are trying to treat anal fissures permanently or on an anal fissure diet.
Casein, a sticky protein established mostly in all dairy products is hard to digest and can pose problems in the digestive tract.
For some, a diet high in dairy products may cause or worsen constipation, as they can slow down your digestion process.
Cheese, ice cream, and other dairy products contain a high-fat and low-fibre content. Best to prevent them, as cause constipated stools which worsen anal fissures and will slow the healing process.
What Are Home Remedies To Treat Anal Fissures?
Even when you do not have anything at your home to heal anal fissures, there is still one final natural home remedy for anal fissure is the sitz bath. This is one of the best answers for how to cure fissure naturally?
- It is entirely helpful in anal fissure cure.
- After bowel movements which may result in severe pain, you should have your body allow to sit in warm water.
- In the next 15-20 minutes, you will gently be free from painful feeling, itchiness, and irritations. Just recollect patting dry your body carefully after that.
Anal fissure pain is terrible in most of the cases.
If you have to pass a hard type of stools, the pain is even amplified. The worst scenario is anal fissure bleeding, which not only is painful but also exposes you to many infections.
- Thus, it is better to cope with this as soon as possible.
- Petroleum jelly can serve as a lubrication for your anus to heal a tear or wound. It also assists the bowel movements.
In usual conditions, keeping hygiene around the anus is a good way to prevent anal fissure.
And when you have to deal with it, this habit is even more essential. In fact, it is a central tip on how to heal anal fissure.
Without hygiene, you are likely to be bacterial infected and encounter all the worse situations.
Thus, remember to make it always dry and clean because bacteria prefer increasing in moist environments.
Soft toilet paper should always be used after bowel movements to avoid damage and tear.
Plus, you should not sit for too long as it might head to the concentration of moisture.
Believe or not, water has an important role in natural home treatment for fissure.
Drinking a good amount of water helps in anal fissure as it softens the stools. As a result, the possibility of constipation is much lower.
Furthermore, water has a positive effect on the removal of toxins from our body.
According to a few professional experts, an ordinary person needs at least 2-3 liters of water per day so that all functioning in the human body are good.
You can raise the amount if you want, but do not drink water when you are having meals or immediately before or after meals. As it worsens the digestion process by diluting your gastric juices.
The solution on how to heal anal fissures naturally is no longer hard to tell. This is best fissure treatment.
Abundant medium-chain triglycerides, coconut oil, can efficiently lubricate the affected area and start the recovery.
It is a good option which you should consider applying from the list of fissure home remedies.
How to use?
Consider a little amount of coconut oil to apply directly to the sphincter for 2 – 3 times per day. For chronic cases, increase the time of using the oil.
In case you are experiencing constipation as well as issues with the digestive system, you can consider including coconut oil in your daily diet.
When To See Doctor?
- Even though these natural home remedies for anal fissure can aid you, it is still better to have visits to doctors.
- Their help will be necessary, particularly when the pain is extreme or there is blood on your stools.
- Without proper treatment, the anal fissure can lead to many serious issues which may embarrass you every single day.
In general, anal fissures are absolutely a sensitive problem, which makes many people reluctant to tell anyone. As a result, they leave it untreated and suffer from many various dangerous problems later.
With a healthy diet and all the top anal fissure home treatments, we hope you can find a way to cope with it quickly!
Do not forget to share your thoughts on this article so that other people will be aware to enhance their health!