Liver Diseases: Disorders, Causes, Symptoms & Diagnosis

Moderation is key. Too much of anything, even if it is in the best of your interests, could prove harmful. Take alcohol, for instance. If you consume too much of it, it has a negative effect on your liver, which may give rise to complications.

An increasing number of individuals are complaining of liver damage and liver problems.There can be many reason for the same but one major is alcohol.

Scroll down to know more about the liver.

What Is Liver?

Liver

The liver is a vital organ that has several functions in the body, including building proteins and blood clotting factors, making triglycerides and cholesterol, glycogen synthesis, and bile production.

Liver Support

The liver sits on the right-hand side of the belly.

Many different diseases can be caused due to improper functioning of the liver, including infections such as hepatitis, cirrhosis (scarring), cancers, and damage by medicines or toxins.

What Are The Health Condition Associated With Liver?

There are many kinds of liver diseases:

Alagille Syndrome

Alagille Syndrome

Alagille syndrome is a genetic complication that can harm the liver, heart, and other portions of the body. One of the significant features of Alagille characteristics is a liver illness caused by irregularities in the bile ducts.

These ducts carry bile (which aids to digest fats) from the liver to the gallbladder and small intestine.

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Autoimmune Hepatitis

Inflammation in the liver that happens when the immune system attacks the liver.

Autoimmune hepatitis is a chronic condition of unknown cause and is distinguished by maintaining hepatocellular inflammation and necrosis and has a tendency to proceed to cirrhosis.

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is an advanced stage of scarring (fibrosis) of the liver caused by multiple forms of liver disorders and conditions, such as hepatitis and also chronic alcoholism.

The liver carries out several vital functions, including detoxifying harmful elements in your body, cleaning your blood and making essential nutrients.

Hemochromatosis

Hemochromatosis

Hereditary hemochromatosis (he-moe-kroe-muh-TOE-sis) makes your body to consume too much iron from the food you eat. Adequate iron is stored in your organs, especially your liver, heart, and pancreas.

Too much iron can head to life-threatening diseases, such as liver disorder, heart difficulties, and diabetes.

The genes that cause hemochromatosis are inherited, but only a child of people who have the genes ever give serious difficulties. Signs and symptoms of hereditary hemochromatosis regularly appear in midlife.

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a liver situation created by the hepatitis A virus. The disease is primarily spread when an uninfected (and unvaccinated) individual consumes food or water that is contaminated with the faeces of an infected person.

The position is closely linked with unsafe water or food, incompetent hygiene, and poor individual hygiene.

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B is a possibly life-threatening liver infection caused by the hepatitis B virus (HBV). It is a significant global health difficulty. It can cause chronic disease and puts people at high risk of death from cirrhosis and liver cancer.

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C

Hepatitis C is a liver disorder caused by the hepatitis C virus: the virus can cause both severe and chronic hepatitis, ranging in severity from a mild illness lasting a few weeks to a severe and lifelong disease.

Liver Cysts

Liver Cysts

Mild liver cysts — fluid-filled decays in the liver — normally cause no signs or symptoms and need no treatment. However, they may become significant enough to cause pain or distress in the upper right part of the abdomen.

Most liver cysts can be noticed on ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT) scans. When required, treatment may include drainage or removal of the cyst.

Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer

Liver cancer is one of the type of cancers that starts in the cells of your liver. Your liver is a football-sized organ that sits in the upper right part of your abdomen, below your diaphragm and also above your stomach.

Many types of cancer can form in the liver. The most basic type of liver cancer is a hepatocellular carcinoma, which starts in the original type of liver cell (hepatocyte). Other types of liver cancer, like intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and hepatoblastoma, are much less common.

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease

A nonalcoholic fatty liver disorder is an umbrella term for a range of liver conditions affecting people who drink little to no alcohol. As the name suggests, the main ingredient of the nonalcoholic fatty liver disorder is too much fat stored in liver cells.

Wilson Disease

Wilson Disease

Wilson disease is an inherited ailment that causes the body to maintain excess copper. The liver of an individual who has Wilson’s condition does not deliver copper into bile as it should. As the copper builds up in the liver, it starts to destroy the organ.

After adequate damage, the liver releases the copper directly into the bloodstream, which leads the copper throughout the body. The copper buildup begins to damage in the kidneys, brain, and eyes. If not treated, Wilson’s disorder can induce severe brain impairment, liver failure, and death.

What Are The Causes?

Liver disease has multiple causes

  • Infection

Parasites and viruses can infect the liver by causing inflammation that defeats liver function.

The viruses that cause liver damage can be spread through blood or semen, contaminated food or water, or close association with an individual who is infected.

The most usual types of liver infection are hepatitis viruses, including:

  • Hepatitis A
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Immune system abnormality.

Diseases in which your immune system attacks specific parts of your body (autoimmune) can affect your liver. Examples of autoimmune liver diseases include:

  • Autoimmune hepatitis
  • Primary biliary cirrhosis
  • Primary sclerosing cholangitis
  • Genetics.

An unusual gene inherited from one or both of your parents can cause various elements to build up in your liver, resulting in liver impairment.

Genetic liver diseases include:

  • Hemochromatosis
  • Wilson’s disease
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency
  • Cancer and other growths
  • Hyperoxaluria and oxalosis.

Examples include:

  • Liver cancer
  • Liver adenoma
  • Bile duct cancer
  • Other.

Additional, usual causes of the liver disorder include:

  • Chronic alcohol abuse
  • Fat accumulating in the liver (non-alcoholic fatty liver disease).

What Are The Liver Disease Symptoms?

Signs and symptoms of liver problems include the following:

  • Skin and eyes that appear yellowish (jaundice)
  • Swelling in the legs and ankles
  • Itchy skin
  • Pale stool colour, or bloody or tar-coloured stool
  • Dark urine colour
  • Abdominal pain and liver swelling
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Nausea or vomiting
  • Loss of appetite
  • The tendency to bruise easily.

Diagnosis For Liver

Finding the cause and extent of a liver injury is essential in guiding the treatment.

Your doctor is possible, to begin with, a health history and thorough physical examination. Your doctor may then suggest:

Blood Tests. A combination of blood tests known as liver function tests can be managed to diagnose liver disease. Other blood tests can be done to look for special liver complications or genetic conditions.

Imaging Tests. An ultrasound, CT scan, and MRI can determine liver illness.

Tissue Analysis. Eliminating a tissue sample (biopsy) from your liver may support diagnose liver illness and look for signs of liver damage. A liver biopsy is most frequently done utilizing a long needle inserted through the skin to extract a tissue sample. It is then analyzed in a laboratory.

Hence, it is crucial that you take proper care of it. Above are the symptoms, causes of liver disorders.

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https://www.medicinenet.com/liver_disease/article.htm

https://www.webmd.com/digestive-disorders/digestive-diseases-liver-failure

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