Diabetes – We know what it is… Insulin deficiency! How does that occur? Here is how – When we consume a meal that contains carbohydrates and sugar, it is absorbed into our bloodstream quickly. But when the amount of sugar gets too high in our blood, we might become a diabetes victim. Now let us know the differentiation between Diabetes insipidus and diabetes mellitus. Diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus are very different conditions. Except the word “diabetes,” the common factors between these 2 are that both involve thirst as well as urination. But beyond this point the conditions differ significantly.
Diabetes Insipidus – What is it?
- This happens due to some injuries or else viral diseases, the hypothalamus or pituitary gland gets damaged and it might be rendered unable to produce the hormone called as vasopressin.
- Vasopressin is created as well as secreted by our brain in order to control the water metabolism. According to a detailed study from National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse, when this specific hormone is secreted to our kidneys it directs our kidneys to concentrate urine through a filtration process. And in the presence the condition – Diabetes insipidus, this process of communication from the production as well as secretion of vasopressin is disrupted completely before reaching the kidneys.
- As discussed earlier, the defect might be in the kidneys or they might be damaged due to specific reasons that results in inability to respond to the hormone vasopressin.
- This situation or the inability to respond to vasopressin results our body to lose water through excessive urination. This condition is known as diabetes insipidus.
Diabetes Mellitus – What is it?
- Diabetes mellitus differs from diabetes insipidus especially in the hormone involved in the condition.
- Here, in diabetes mellitus, the hormone that causes this condition is insulin, which is secreted by pancreas, as well as absorbed by the cells in our body as a message in order to use glucose present in our blood.
- When the pancreas unable to secrete insulin or else when the cells in our body develop resistance to insulin, then the glucose in our blood will not be used and it causes sugar buildup in our bloodstream. This is known as diabetes mellitus.
The Common Symptoms of Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus:
The reason this occurs in diabetes insipidus is because our body senses a lack of Vasopressin. So it demands more fluids since it thinks it needs them. For diabetes mellitus, this symptom occurs because of excessive glucose levels which need to be expelled from our body. Those who are with diabetes insipidus, their urine will be clear and transparent, but those who are with diabetes mellitus, it will be yellow, pale, and often it might be cloudy.
When it comes to diabetes insipidus, the excessive fatigue occurs since an overall lack of hydration. It might also be caused by an electrolyte imbalance. But for diabetes mellitus, the symptom – excessive fatigue generally occurs since our blood sugar levels are too low or wise it’s too high.
When there is a chronic lack of hydration, the blurred vision typically occurs with diabetes insipidus or as a result of a head injury which became the foundation of disease development. But in diabetes mellitus, this is a common symptom or a side effect of their being too much glucose within our body.
Apart from all these there is one more symptom for diabetes mellitus which does not occur for the patients with diabetes insipidus. That is Polyphagia.
Foods that should not be adhered by diabetics
Here are few examples of foods that are high in sodium:
- canned vegetables
- canned soups
- certain cereals
- salad dressings
- cold cuts
Although it might seem difficult to cope up with diabetes and be optimistic about the condition as well as treatment, remember, there are many in the world, who are suffering from Diabetes Mellitus And Diabetes Insipidus. They have taken their lives into their hands and they started working on themselves in order to get healthy as well as better quality of living. A good physical activity and proper nutrition, with treatment as well as medication in the right time can always make the life happier and easier.