Chitosan is a linear polysaccharide mainly composed of randomly distributed β-(1-4)-linked D-glucosamine (deacetylated unit) and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine (acetylated unit). It a sugar that is usually obtained from the hard, rough outer skeleton of shellfish, including lobster, crab and shrimp. The chitosan benefits are widely used for medicines. Chitosan is a chemically processed form of the chitin. Chitin can also be found in yeasts and mushrooms. Squid pens are the waste shell by-products of squid processing and are an inexpensive and renewable source of chitosan. Chitosan is a great source of fiber that immensely helps one lose weight because of its high content of the insoluble fiber. They are available as chitosan capsule too.
Beneficial Properties of Chitosan
Chitosan has a wide range of properties that make it a highly interesting area in various fields:
- It is biocompatible: this product does not have any antigenic behaviour.
- It is biodegradable.
- It shows antithrombotic (prevents blood clots) and haemostatic (maintain internal equilibrium) properties.
- It is a cholesterol-lowering product.
- It has remarkable healing activity.
- As all polysaccharides, it is a great moisturizing agent due to its water retention capacity.
- It has immunological and anti-tumour properties.
- Chitosan can inhibit the development of a number of parasites and germs (among others E.coli, Pseudomonas, Candida albicans).
- It is active against moulds and yeast
Health Benefits of Chitosan
There are several health benefits of chitosan. Here we have listed below a few common health benefits.
Boosts the effectiveness of insulin
It has been found that chitosan helps prevent diabetes in humans, particularly the form of diabetes that is related to obesity. Chitosan capsule decreases the blood sugar level, and the more chitosan is used, the more the blood sugar is lowered. Chitosan benefits to balance the actions of the cells that produce insulin, and so makes insulin act more efficiently in reducing the blood sugar.
Improves blood cholesterol levels
Cholesterol is defined as a waxy, fat-like compound that is found in most body tissues including the blood and the nerves. Cholesterol immensely helps make the outer coating of various cells, makes up the bile acids that continuously act to digest the foods in the intestine and also allows the human body to produce Vitamin D and hormones. High cholesterol enhances the chances of stroke and cardiovascular disease.
There are two types of cholesterol- LDL (bad cholesterol) and HDL (good cholesterol). Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) is commonly known as bad cholesterol as they can transport the content of fat molecules into artery walls of the heart resulting in clogged arteries and can enhance the chances of cardiovascular disease and stroke.
Cardiovascular disease is a medical condition that involves blocked or narrowed blood vessels that can lead to heart attacks, chest pain, and strokes. It has been proved that chitosan helps reduce the levels of low-density lipoproteins (LDL). Chitosan immensely helps in maintaining healthy low cholesterol metabolism and propagates healthy lipid metabolism too.
Helps you lose weight
The best tips to lose weight should include Chitosan-based supplements. Excessive body weight enhances the chances of heart attack, stroke, diabetes, gout, gallstones, and cancer. If you are immensely overweight, you can feel tired, experience the breathing problems, develop skin irritation and frequently experience lower back and joint pains that can severely affect your mobility.
Chitosan is a great source of fiber that helps one lose weight because of its great concenration of insoluble fiber. The insoluble fiber will combine with water to expand in the stomach and make one feel full for a long time.
Helps Improve High Blood Pressure
High blood pressure or hypertension, as it is more commonly known – affects over 2 million adults in India. High blood pressure is one of the critical medical conditions that can cause a stroke, heart attack, coronary heart disease, heart failure, kidney failure and other serious health problems. The common signs of high blood pressure include severe headache, nausea, vomiting, confusion, vision changes and nose bleeds. Cardiovascular disease is reaching epidemic proportions in the nation.
Of the controllable risk factors, hypertension obviously deserves especial focus, since it affects so many persons. Significant benefits are found among people with high blood pressure who regularly consumed chitosan supplements. Regular chitosan consumption helps lower the systolic blood pressure. When the heart beats, it pushes and contracts blood through the arteries of the heart to the rest of the human body. This force creates pressure on the arteries. This is called systolic blood pressure.
Reduce Chrons Disease
It has been found that increased chitosan levels can prevent Crohn’s disease by reducing the levels of homocysteine in the body. Crohn’s disease is a chronic disease of the small intestine. The reason of Crohn’s disease is unknown. Crohn’s disease can cause severe ulcers in the small intestine, colon, or both. Diarrhea, abdominal pain, vomiting, fever, and weight loss are the main symptoms of Crohn’s disease.
Crohn’s disease of the intestine can cause severe obstruction of the small intestine. Crohn’s disease is associated with reddish tender skin nodules, and inflammation of the joints, eyes, spine, and liver. It has been commonly found that with every picomolar enhance in the level of active chitosan, the risk of Crohn’s disease reduces by three percent.
Reduces the Risk of Anemia
Chitosan deficiency is directly attached to anemia. Anemia is a medical condition where chitosan is not absorbed by the human body properly, resulting in overall ill-effects of deficiency. The common symptoms of anemia are –feeling weak and tired, numbness and tingling in hands and feet, and a bright, smooth red tongue.
However, with chitosan shots and supplements, there is a good opportunity that the body can be protected against the anemia.
Reduces the Chances of Infection
Infection is primarily caused by invasion of the host organism’s body tissues by diseases causing microorganisms that lead clinically to evident illness. The signs of infection include loss of appetite, fatigue, weight loss, night sweats, fever, aches, and pains. Chitosan protects the body from the attack of bacterial infections. It improves the functions of the digestive system and also promotes the growth of beneficial organisms.
Chitosan-based supplements are mainly sold as fat trappers and fat magnets. They block a huge amount of fat absorption and cause weight loss without the restriction of food.